Full Endoscopic spinal fusion

Endoscopic spinal fusion has developed as a means of minimally invasive spine surgeries, providing effective results with minimal destruction to soft tissues, lesser postoperative pain and shorter hospital stays. The goal of endoscopic spinal fusion is to stabilize the spine and prevent any micromotion which may lead to pain. The procedure involves usage of small incisions and instruments along with an endoscope and HD camera for easy access and visualization of all levels of spinal axis.

Types of endoscopic spinal fusion

There are mainly two types of endoscopic spinal fusion:

  • Endoscopic lumbar fusion: This involves fusion procedures in the lower back region. Generally spinal fusion procedures in the lumbar region are associated with longer recovery periods, blood loss and pain. However, minimally invasive endoscopic fusion procedures have advanced to different types and techniques for promising outcomes. These include:
    • Endoscopic Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
    • Anterior and lateral approaches to the lumbar spine
    • Gas laparoscopy for anterior lumbar fusion
    • Balloon-Assisted Endoscopic Retroperitoneal Gasless (BERG) Approach
    • Endoscopic Lateral Transpsoas Lumbar Fusion
  • Endoscopic cervical fusion: This involves fusion procedures in the neck region or the cervical spine region.

Recovery from endoscopic spinal fusion surgeries

Patients generally experience immediate pain relief post endoscopic spinal surgeries and may be discharged on the same day of the surgery within 24 hours. Walking can be resumed within a few hours after the surgery. Mild pain may be felt in the area of incision and your doctor may prescribe some pain medications if required, otherwise it subsides on its own within a few days.

Advantages of endoscopic spinal fusion over conventional spine surgeries

Endoscopic spinal fusion procedures are a clear representation of evolution of spinal surgeries in many ways. These include:

  • Reduced operating time
  • Lesser intraoperative blood loss
  • Improved functional outcomes and quality of life
  • Applicable for all levels of spinal axis
  • Decreased length of hospital stay
  • Faster return to normal routine
  • Accelerated recovery rates
  • Valid alternative for meeting surgical goals


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